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Drugs And Their Effects Pdf

drugs and their effects pdf

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GET THE FACTS: Drug Abuse Puts Your Whole Body at Risk

If drugs cause physical changes in the body, the words addict, addictive, addicted and addiction are used. The common addictive drugs are: alcohol, morphine, heroin, cocaine and barbiturates. Drugs create a state of mind in some individuals which is termed psychic dependence.

Drugs that depress the nervous system: alcohol, barbiturates sleeping pills, downers , minor tranquillizers valium and librium , solvents and gases as in glues, lighter fuel, aerosols, cleaning fluids ;. Alcohol: alcohol is taken as a drink. In Austria you are allowed to drink alcohol at the age of Barbiturates: To get barbiturates you need a prescription.

You take it as pills or potions or injected. Solvents and gases: You have to inhale it sniff. Effects: These drugs make you feel less tense and more relaxed.

But you work less well mentally and physically and you lose self-control. Large amounts can make you drunk, feel drowsy or send you to sleep or unconscious. You can become psychologically and physically dependent and the more often you use them, the more you need to get the desired effects.

Drugs that reduce pain: Opiates heroin, morphine codeine , opioids, narcotic analgesics stomach medicines, cough mixtures ;. Opioids: You also need a prescription. Opioids are similar synthetic drugs like Opiates and they are injected or swallowed. Narcotic Analgesics: You can buy dilute mixtures at the drugstore, but for stronger mixtures you need a prescription. You have to swallow them.

Effects: You feel less pain and worry. But you get to need higher and more frequent doses and you become physically and psychologically dependent. You become very moody and you may have problems with breathing, constipation and irregular periods.

Drugs that stimulate the nervous system: Amphetamines uppers, speed, extasy , cocaine coke, crack , caffeine coffee, tea, cocoa, soft drinks, chocolate, analgesic pills , tobacco, LSD;. Amphetamines: A prescription is necessairy. You sniff or inject them or take them in form of pills. Cocaine: The possession is illegal without a prescription. Coke is sniffed or injected and crack is smoked.

Effects: These make you feel more alert, you are able to stay awake and active longer without becoming tired or sleepy. But later you become depressed, hungry and tired. If you use it very often it makes you anxious, agitated and you are unable to sleep. You also can become psychologically dependent. Magic Mushrooms: Sometimes you use them for medical purposes. You have to eat them raw, cooked or brewed into a drink.

Usually you dry them before eating them. You smoke marijuana on its own and hash in cigarettes with tobacco or in a pipe or it can be eaten in cakes or other foods. Effects: These make all your senses more intense and you get a feeling of unreality. They also can cause panic or anxiety. Heavy smokers of tobacco and cannabis get bronchitis, asthma and cancer. People on injected drugs often catch infections from sharing needles. If you take Extasy, you have to drink a lot, because you are very active and alert and you can dry out and die.

You can be dismissed. They die from overdoses, accidents, infections and fatal mixtures of drugs. His relationships with his family, friends or colleagues may become tense and may break down altogether. This desire can become so great that a drug dependent will do anything to get money so that he can buy drugs.

Girls may turn to prostitution, boys to mugging or shoplifting. They might even steal from parents or friends or they may start dealing with drugs. The alcohol content varies according to the drink. It has many industrial uses and is used in the manufacture of explosives, perfumes and lacquers. If a human being has too much alcohol, he can die from alcoholic poisoning.

People drink alcohol to celebrate, to relax, to be sociable, to feel adult and manly, because all others do it, because they are bored, because they enjoy the feeling they get from drinking, because they like the taste or because they like going out. Large doses make a person sleepy.

Large amounts over a long time can damage the heart and make it weak and fatty. Heavy drinkers die more often from cirrhosis of the liver than the general population. But large concentrated amounts irritate the stomach and can cause vomiting. Very heavy drinking can damage the lining of the stomach, so that food is not digested. More blood reaches the skin, so that the person feels warm. The increased flow of blood to the skin means that a person is losing heat.

Alcohol affects a person in different ways. The rate at which a person gets drunk depends on how quickly the alcohol enters the bloodstream. The presence of food in the stomach slows down the rate at which alcohol passes into the rest of the body.

A certain number of drinks taken during a meal may not make a person drunk. The same drinks, taken on their own, might make the person drunk. Alcohol is habit-forming. Having a few drinks is not dangerous in itself, so long as a person keeps the amount under control.

But someone who is a regular heavy drinker may reach the stage when he cannot do without alcohol. A person who is physically or psychologically dependent on alcohol is called an alcoholic. Alcoholism is an illness. Regular heavy drinking can affect the mind as well as the body. Permanent brain damage can occur. If a heavy drinker stop drinking he may suffer withdrawal symptoms. He also may suffer from DTs delirium tremens. He is afraid of being attacked by imaginary creatures.

Many accidents are caused by drunken drivers. People who are drunk often commit crimes and drunken husbands often beat their wives under the influence of alcohol.

Alcohol also can cause problems at home, at work, the breakdown of personal relationships, financial difficulties and the chance of an early death. You spend a lot of money on it and you become unreliable. Alcoholism is an illness, which can be controlled, once the alcoholic is willing to accept that he is ill and needs treatment for alcoholism.

It can only be controlled if the person gives up drinking for life. This usually feels rather pleasant. You feel happy and lose some of your inhibitions, eg. Being slightly drunk can stimulate conversations and friendships. If you go on drinking, you get really drunk. You lose your selfcontrol, talking is difficult for you and your vision becomes blurred.

You begin talking very loudly and may get rather aggressive. You can have a alcohol poisoning. You lose all control over your speech and movements and you will probably be sick. You may lose your memory and be unable to remember afterwards what happened. If the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream goes beyond a certain level, it can produce stupor, coma or death. Mixing drug-taking with drinking alcohol is dangerous even in small amounts and can be fatal.

Many people who smoke enjoy the taste and aroma of tobacco and tobacco smoke. Many smokers say that it helps them to relax. It calms the nerves. Many smokers also smoke from habit. Tobacco smoke is a mixture of tiny droplets of tar and gases.

It contains about chemicals. Many of them can damage the body. Nicotine is a very powerful drug and is the addictive agent in cigarettes.

Nicotine stimulates the nervous system and causes a craving for tobacco. It increases the blood pressure and the heart rate. It also increases the tendency of blood to clot.

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Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs. Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently. It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies. Drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease.

A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. Consumption of drugs can be via inhalation , injection , smoking , ingestion , absorption via a patch on the skin, suppository , or dissolution under the tongue. In pharmacology , a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect. Pharmaceutical drugs are often classified into drug classes —groups of related drugs that have similar chemical structures , the same mechanism of action binding to the same biological target , a related mode of action , and that are used to treat the same disease. Another major classification system is the Biopharmaceutics Classification System.

drugs and their effects pdf

MDMA—mild hallucinogenic effects; increased tactile sensitivity, empathic feelings; treatment to significantly reduce or stop their drug use and that the best.


GET THE FACTS: Drug Abuse Puts Your Whole Body at Risk

Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person's brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs.

The Causes and Effects of Drug Addiction

If drugs cause physical changes in the body, the words addict, addictive, addicted and addiction are used. The common addictive drugs are: alcohol, morphine, heroin, cocaine and barbiturates. Drugs create a state of mind in some individuals which is termed psychic dependence.

Get the latest information from CDC coronavirus. Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here. For drug use trends, see our Trends and Statistics page. People drink to socialize, celebrate, and relax. Why does alcohol cause people to act and feel differently? How much is too much?

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Regardless of the factors at work, it is the ultimate goal of the nation's investment in drug abuse research to take more effective measures to prevent drug abuse and to reduce its associated costs and consequences. A comprehensive assessment of knowledge and research opportunities on the multiple consequences of drug abuse would have far exceeded the committee's allowable time frame and expertise. Consequently, it chose to focus on three areas that involve pronounced social consequences, where the need for strategic interventions are greatest: 1 the transmission and course of HIV infection; 2 fetal and child development; and 3 violent behavior.


Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here. drugged driving, infectious disease, and adverse effects on pregnancy. Commonly Abused Drugs: Prescription and OTCs (PDF, MB) Medications, There are no FDA-approved medications to treat.


Presentation / Essay (Pre-University), 2000

People who have not struggled with substance abuse may find it difficult to understand why anyone would start using. There are, in fact, many reasons why some people turn to or start abusing drugs, and unfortunately the consequences can be life-shattering. While every case is unique, there are general patterns that indicate why some people use drugs, how addiction develops, and the consequences of drug abuse. While specific incentives differ from person to person, generally speaking, people start using drugs to escape or mask pain. In some individuals, the onset of drug use can be from untreated psychiatric issues including anxiety and depression. The rush of pleasure from using drugs can provide temporary solace from suffering, which can stem from many mental health or other issues including the following:.

Drugs are chemicals that affect the body and brain. Different drugs can have different effects. Some effects of drugs include health consequences that are long-lasting and permanent. They can even continue after a person has stopped taking the substance. There are a few ways a person can take drugs, including injection, inhalation and ingestion. The effects of the drug on the body can depend on how the drug is delivered.

Сзади щелкнул взведенный курок беретты. - Отпусти ее, - раздался ровный, холодный голос Стратмора. - Коммандер! - из последних сил позвала Сьюзан. Хейл развернул Сьюзан в ту сторону, откуда слышался голос Стратмора. - Выстрелишь - попадешь в свою драгоценную Сьюзан.

Крошечная сноска гласила: Предел ошибки составляет 12. Разные лаборатории приводят разные цифры. ГЛАВА 127 Собравшиеся на подиуме тотчас замолчали, словно наблюдая за солнечным затмением или извержением вулкана - событиями, над которыми у них не было ни малейшей власти.

Створки давили на плечо с неимоверной силой. Не успел Стратмор ее остановить, как она скользнула в образовавшийся проем. Он попытался что-то сказать, но Сьюзан была полна решимости. Ей хотелось поскорее оказаться в Третьем узле, и она достаточно хорошо изучила своего шефа, чтобы знать: Стратмор никуда не уйдет, пока она не разыщет ключ, спрятанный где-то в компьютере Хейла. Ей почти удалось проскользнуть внутрь, и теперь она изо всех сил пыталась удержать стремившиеся захлопнуться створки, но на мгновение выпустила их из рук.

Сьюзан заставила себя сесть. Она полагала, что Стратмор уже закончил телефонный разговор и сейчас придет и выслушает ее, но он все не появлялся. Пытаясь успокоиться, она посмотрела на экран своего компьютера. Запущенный во второй раз Следопыт все еще продолжал поиск, но теперь это уже не имело значения.

Бросила взгляд на монитор, потом посмотрела на Грега Хейла.  - Сейчас. Несколькими быстрыми нажатиями клавиш она вызвала программу, именуемую Экранный замок, которая давала возможность скрыть работу от посторонних глаз.

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