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Hebrew Names Of Jehovah And Their Meaning Pdf

hebrew names of jehovah and their meaning pdf

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Like other Hebrew proper names, the name of God is more than a mere distinguishing title. It represents the Hebrew conception of the divine nature or character and of the relation of God to His people. It represents the Deity as He is known to His worshipers, and stands for all those attributes which He bears in relation to them and which are revealed to them through His activity on their behalf. A new manifestation of His interest or care may give rise to a new name.

Names of God - PDF Download [Download]

Like other Hebrew proper names, the name of God is more than a mere distinguishing title. It represents the Hebrew conception of the divine nature or character and of the relation of God to His people. It represents the Deity as He is known to His worshipers, and stands for all those attributes which He bears in relation to them and which are revealed to them through His activity on their behalf. A new manifestation of His interest or care may give rise to a new name.

So, also, an old name may acquire new content and significance through new and varied experience of these sacred relations. It can readily be understood, therefore, how the divine name is often spoken of as equivalent to the divine presence or power or glory. In Ex. To make mention of Yhwh 's name is to assert confidence in His strength and present and efficient aid. The name excites emotions of love, joy, and praise Ps. That name is, therefore, especially connected with the altar or sanctuary, the place where God records His name Ex.

I Kings viii. The Temple is "the place of the name of the Lord of hosts, the mount Zion" Isa. In one or two comparatively late passages "the Name" is used absolutely, doubtless as an equivalent for "the name of Yhwh " Lev. Of the names of God in the Old Testament, that which occurs most frequently 6, times is the so-called Tetragrammaton, Yhwh , the distinctive personal name of the God of Israel.

This name is commonly represented in modern translations by the form "Jehovah," which, however, is a philological impossibility see Jehovah. When the name Adonai itself precedes, to avoid repetition of this name, Yhwh is written by the Masorites with the vowels of Elohim, in which case Elohim is read instead of Yhwh. In consequence of this Masoretic reading the authorized and revised English versions though not the American edition of the revised version render Yhwh by the word "Lord" in the great majority of cases.

This name, according to the narrative in Ex. E , was made known to Moses in a vision at Horeb. In another, parallel narrative Ex. It is used by one of the documentary sources of Genesis J , but scarcely if at all by the others. Its use is avoided by some later writers also. It does not occur in Ecclesiastes, and in Daniel is found only in ch. The writer of Chronicles shows a preference for the form Elohim, and in Ps.

Elohim occurs much more frequently than Yhwh , probably having been substituted in some places for the latter name, as in Ps.

The meaning would, therefore, be "He who is self-existing, self-sufficient," or, more concretely, "He who lives," the abstract conception of pure existence being foreign to Hebrew thought. There is no doubt that the idea of life was intimately connected with the name Yhwh from early times.

He is the living God, as contrasted with the lifeless gods of the heathen, and He is the source and author of life comp. I Kings xviii. If the explanation of the form above given be the true one, the original pronunciation must have been Yahweh or Yahaweh. Epiphanius ascribes the same pronunciation to an early Christian sect.

Aquila wrote the name in archaic Hebrew letters. At least as early as the third century B. Written only in consonants, the true pronunciation was forgotten by them. Various conjectures have been made in recent times respecting a possible foreign origin of this name. Some derive it from the Kenites, with whom Moses sojourned, Sinai, the ancient dwelling-place of Yhwh , having been, according to the oldest tradition, in the Kenite country.

A Canaanite, and, again, a Babylonian, origin have been proposed, but upon grounds which are still uncertain. Various explanations of the meaning of the name, differing from that given above, have been proposed: e.

The most common of the originally appellative names of God is Elohim , plural in form though commonly construed with a singular verb or adjective. This is, most probably, to be explained as the plural of majesty or excellence, expressing high dignity or greatness: comp.

In Ethiopic, Amlak "lords" is the common name for God. The singular, Eloah , is comparatively rare, occurring only in poetry and late prose in Job, 41 times. The same divine name is found in Arabic ilah and in Aramaic elah. The singular is used in six places for heathen deities II Chron. In the great majority of cases both are used as names of the one God of Israel. The root-meaning of the word is unknown.

The most probable theory is that it may be connected with the old Arabic verb "alih" to be perplexed, afraid; to seek refuge because of fear. Eloah, Elohim, would, therefore, be "He who is the object of fear or reverence," or "He with whom one who is afraid takes refuge" comp. The predominance of this name in the later writings, as compared with the more distinctively Hebrew national name Yhwh , may have been due to the broadening idea of God as the transcendent and universal Lord.

It is found also in the South-Arabian dialects, and in Aramaic, Arabic, and Ethiopic, as also in Hebrew, as an element in proper names. It is used in both the singular and plural, both for other gods and for the God of Israel. As a name of God, however, it is used chiefly in poetry and prophetic discourse, rarely in prose, and then usually with some epithet attached, as "a jealous God.

The commonly accepted derivation of this name from the Hebrew root , "to be strong," is extremely doubtful. A similar root has been explained from the Arabic as meaning "to be in front," "to be foremost," "to lead," "to rule," which would give the meaning "leader," "lord. As in the case of Elohim, it is necessary to admit that the original meaning is not certainly known. The word Shaddai , which occurs along with El, is also used independently as a name of God,chiefly in the Book of Job.

It is commonly rendered "the Almighty" in LXX. The Hebrew root "shadad," from which it has been supposed to be derived, means, however, "to overpower," "to treat with violence," "to lay waste. It is possible, however, that the original significance was that of "overmastering" or "overpowering strength," and that this meaning persists in the divine name. Another interesting suggestion is that it may be connected with the Assyrian "shadu" mountain , an epithet sometimes attached to the names of Assyrian deities.

It is conjectured also that the pointing of may be due to an improbable rabbinical explanation of the word as "He who is sufficient" , and that the word originally may have been without the doubling of the middle letter. According to Ex. The name 'Elyon occurs with El, with Yhwh , with Elohim, and also alone, chiefly in poetic and late passages. Adonai occurs as a name of God apart from its use by the Masorites as a substituted reading for Yhwh.

It was, probably, at first Adoni "my Lord" or Adonai "my Lord," plural of majesty , and later assumed this form, as a proper name, to distinguish it from other uses of the same word. The simple form Adon, with and without the article, also occurs as a divine name. The name Ba'al , apparently as an equivalent for Yhwh , occurs as an element in a number of compound proper names, such as Jerubbaal, Ishbaal, Meribaal, etc.

Some of these names, probably at a time when the name of Baal had fallen into disrepute comp. Hosea ii. II Sam. The word, apart from this special use, always means armies or hosts of men, as, for example, in Ex. Later, and especially in prophetic usage, the word was transferred to the heavenly hosts, or rather the heavenly were added to the earthly hosts. For this idea of heavenly hosts joining their forces with those of God's people, or fighting on behalf of God's servants, compare Judges v.

The Rabbis as well as the cabalists steadfastly maintained their belief in monotheism. Hence they recognized only one proper name for the Deity, considering the other names as appellations or titles signifying divinity, perfection, and power, or as characterizing His acts as observed and appreciated by mankind in the various stages of their development.

The cabalists illustrate this by the instance of one who looks at the sun through various-colored glasses, which change the impressions produced upon the observer, but do not affect the sun. The pronunciation of the written Name was used only by the priests in the Temple when blessing the people Num. The high priest mentioned the Name on Yom Kippur ten times Tosef. Johanan said the sages delivered to their disciples the key to the Name once in every Sabbatical year.

The sages quoted, "This is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations" Ex. See Shem ha-Meforash. The restriction upon communicating the Name proper probably originated in Oriental etiquette; in the East even a teacher was not called by name. After the death of the high priest Simeon the Righteous, forty years prior to the destruction of the Temple, the priests ceased to pronounce the Name Yoma39b.

From that time the pronunciation of the Name was prohibited. Zarah 17b. It appears that a majority of the priests in the last days of the Temple were unworthy to pronounce the Name, and a combination of the letters or of the equivalents of the letters constituting the Name was employed by the priests in the Temple.

Thus the Twelve-Lettered Name was substituted, which, a baraita says, was at first taught to every priest; but with the increase of the number of licentious priests the Name was revealed only to the pious ones, who "swallowed" its pronunciation while the other priests were chanting.

Rashi to 'Ab. Maimonides, in his "Moreh," thinks that these names were perhaps composed of several other divine names. The Incommunicable Name was pronounced "Adonai," and where Adonai and Yhwh occur together the latter was pronounced "Elohim.

The commentators, however, agree as to its interpretation, that it denotes the eternal and everlasting existence of God, and that it is a composition of meaning "a Being of the Past, the Present, and the Future". The name Ehyeh denotes His potency in the immediate future, and is part of Yhwh.

The phrase "ehyeh-asher-ehyeh" Ex. Other authorities claim that the whole phrase forms one name. The name Yah is composed of the first letters of Yhwh.

There is a difference of opinion between Rab and R. Samuel as to whether or not "hallelujah" is a compound word or two separate words meaning "praise ye Yah" Yer. The name Ho is declared to be the middle part of Yhwh and an abridged form of the Name Shab. Elohim denotes multiplied power, that is, the Almighty, and describes God as the Creator of nature.

Praying the Names and Attributes of God

The documentary hypothesis proposes that the Torah was compiled from various original sources, two of which the Jahwist and the Elohist are named for their usual names for God Yahweh and Elohim , respectively. The seven names of God that, once written, cannot be erased because of their holiness [5] are the Tetragrammaton , El , Elohim , Eloah , Elohai , El Shaddai , and Tzevaot. Modern Jewish culture judges it forbidden to pronounce this name. The Masoretic Text adds to the Tetragrammaton the vowel points of Adonai or Elohim depending on the context , indicating that these are the words to be pronounced in place of the Tetragrammaton see Qere and Ketiv , [16] [17] as shown also by the subtle pronunciation changes when combined with a preposition or a conjunction. The Tetragrammaton appears in Genesis [18] and occurs 6, times in total in the Stuttgart edition of the Masoretic Text. This agrees with the passage in Exodus where God names himself as " I Will Be What I Will Be " [19] using the first-person singular imperfective aspect, open to interpretation as present tense "I am what I am" , future "I shall be what I shall be" , imperfect "I used to be what I used to be". Rabbinical Judaism teaches that the name is forbidden to all except the High Priest , who should only speak it in the Holy of Holies of the Temple in Jerusalem on Yom Kippur.

Give thanks to Yahweh, call on his name Psalms a. In the Bible there are many different names given to the One True God. The most commonly used names for God in the Hebrew and Protestant Bibles are Ha-Shem meaning "the name" which is used in the modern Jewish Masoretic Text translations of the Tanach and Jehovah used in both Protestant and Jewish translations. Both are names for God that only date back to the Middle Ages and are not found in the ancient texts of Sacred Scripture. Adonai is used about times in the Bible and can be translated either as "Lord" or as "my Lord".

Elisabeth — Consecrated to God. A gemstone name. Nicknames include Mira and Mia. Elizabeth is a descendant of the Hebrew name Elisheva. Hey, Congratulations for your Newborn. Added new names that are not yet updated in the below list. The name is derived from the Hebrew word for "gift.

hebrew names of jehovah and their meaning pdf

GOD's NAMES

For instance, if we are praying for a healing we would use the title Jehovah-Rophe or Jehovah-Rapha,"the Lord God heals". Did you know that our God, the God of the Bible has many different names? Next to Yahweh, this is the most often used word for God in the Hebrew Old Testament, being employed times.

Praying (and Pronouncing) the Names of God

Christian Study Topics. Elohim, strong one or creator. Jehovah-raah, a caring shepherd. Jehovah-jireh, the Lord who provides. In the Old Testament times, a name was not only identification, but an identity as well.

Verse: In the beginning God Elohim created the heavens and the earth. The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God Elohim was moving over the surface of the waters. Genesis ,2. Verse: This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord Jehovah God made earth and heaven. Genesis


personal God is the sum total of His infinite perfections. God is the significant names in the Hebrew Bible. This not The basic meaning is probably Mighty or.


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Almost all Western Christians avoid using this word for the Supreme Being, as, in their culture, it is too strongly associated with Islam—and Christians and Muslims do not really worship the same god and the two religions are radically different in many crucial ways. WebBible Encyclopedia Home. Psalm KJV; Psa. Acts ; Romans ; ; 1 Corinthians , 30; Hebrews ; 1 Peter , Isaiah KJV; Isa.

We encourage you to commit five minutes daily over a day period to prayer over these verses and worship God in new ways. In the Bible, however, He has shared enough truths about Himself to draw us into faith and worship.

The 21 names of God, found throughout the Old Testament, will build your faith and enrich the time you spend in his presence. Each of God's names are listed along with their:. This full-color glossy, panel pamphlet offers an easy-to-use chart format for learning God's names and their meaning such as:. Each name of God holds a special blessing or promise for those who believe in God.

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Он прикрыл микрофон телефона рукой и гневно посмотрел на своего молодого сотрудника.

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