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Immunology Final Exam Questions And Answers Pdf

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Immunology Final Exam Questions--Spring 2010

For complaints, use another form. Study lib. Upload document Create flashcards. Flashcards Collections. Documents Last activity. Add to Add to collection s Add to saved. A Major difference between using anumal-derived antiserum vs. Antiserum has a longer half-life plasma. The antigen-specific Ig from hyperimmune globulin achieves a higher initial serum level.

The second administration of antiserum is likely to have adverse reactions that the first. Hyperimmune globulin has a higher risk for serum sickness. All of the above are correct. Tight regulation of the immune system occurs via multiple mechanisms. Which is NOT one of these mechanisms?

Permanent inactivation of self-reactive cells via clonal anergy. Suppression of self-reactive cells by T-cells C.

Production of anti-idiotypic antibodies D. Release of inhibitory cytokines by lymphocites 3. Which of the following is a primary lymphoid organ? Spleen B. Bone Marrow C. Lymph Node D.

Lung E. Gall Bladder 4. A batter for the Astros gets accidentally beaned by the pitcher and suffers left eye damage. Two weeks later, the right eye also becomes red and sore and vision is impaired. Which one of the following causes of autoimmunity is most likely? Failure of apoptosis to clear autoreactive T cells from the injured eye B.

Molecular mimicry between the baseball and the eye D. Antigens released from the injured eye not before encountered by the immune system are now being targeted in the uninjured eye E.

None of the above 5. The half-life of maternal IgG in a newborn is typically: A. Less than a week One to two weeks 1 month 2 to 6 months 1 year 1 6. The earliest response to the first exposure to a virus is A. They can kill by ADCC-mediated mechanisms They express antigen-specific receptors They are large granular lymphocytes They can kill tumor cells They can kill virus-infected targets Organisms avoid host immune responses through which of the following mechanisms A.

Antigenic modulation Immune deviation Immunesuppression Masking All of the above A 20 year old woman develops a red rash over her nose and cheeks after brief sum exposure.

A screening test indicates that she has an autoimmune disease. The first vaccine commonly given to infants in the U. In patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura cytotoxic antibodies immediate hemolytic anemia. This is an example of which type of hypersensitivity reaction?

To determine the HLA haplotypes of the donor and recipient in preparation for a familial kidney transplant you need to examine: A. HLA of donor only B. HLA of recipient only C. HLA of donor and recipient D.

HLA of multiple family members 3 They have some surface markers in common with T cells. Drainage of antigens into lymph nodes Processing of antigens for presentation to lymphocytes Delivery of mature lymphocytes to secondary lymphoid tissue Reduction in inflammatory exudates Circulation of helper and cytotoxic T lymphocytes Vasolidation B. Contraction of smooth muscle C.

Direct lysis of target cells via MAC formation D. Chemoattractant for eosinphils E. Chemoattractant for neutrophils The immune response to lepromatous leprosy is skewed toward the production of which cytokines: A. IL-4 and IL C. IL-6 and IL D. IL-2 and IFN-gamma TO which major histocompatibility class does this allele belong?

A child with congenital asplenia a genetic defect where the individual has no spleen would develop the best IgG antibody response using which route of immunization: A. Intravenouse Subcutaneous Oral Equal response to all the above A 20 year old woman becomes increasing hyperactive, loses weight despite an increase appetite, and her friends tell her that her eyes are becoming more prominent.

Her physician diagnoses Graves disease. Which one of the following autoantibodies is the cause of her disease? Anti-nuclear Anti-thyroid stimulating hormone receptor Anti-acetylcholin receptor Anti-thyroglobulin Polymorphisms of which one of the following immune system genes have shown the strongest genetic associations with autoimmune diseases?

Complement C4 alleles B. T cell receptor beta alleles C. Immunoglobulin light chain alleles D. None of the above. Deposition of antigen-antibody immune complexes in the glomeruli is most characteristic of which one of the following autoimmune diseases? Systemic lupus eythematosus Myasthenia gravis Type I diabetes mellitus Autoimmune hemolytic anemia None of the above.

A 10 year old boy develops polyuria excessive quantities of urine and weight loss. His blood sugar is found to very high. Which one of the following autoimmune mechanisms is likely to be present?

Cell-mediated destruction of pancreatic islet cells in the pancreas Autoanitibodies to circulating insulin Cell mediated destruction of thyroid Autoantibodies to liver glycogen None of the above 5 Which complement protein is most abundant in serum 1. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 Antigen-antibody complexes comprised of which of the following immunoglobulins act as the most potent activators of the classical pathway of complement?

A patient is admitted to your clinic with an autoimmune disease and is missing the second complement component C2. Which of the following would NOT be affected by this defect? Classical pathway Alternative pathway Lectin pathway Neither B or C would be affected All complement pathways would be affected. Gp is the principal viral receptor involved in the binding of HIV to host cells. Gp41 is involved in the internalization of HIV D. In latently infected cells, the viral genome persists for months to years as a double stranded, circular RNA molecules in the host cell nucleus.

The virus produces its own reverse transcriptase, which has served as a target for anti-HIV drugs. Cytokines A. Are large, high molecular weight proteins Are produced only by lymphocytes and macrophages Are very stable and have long plasma half lives Each have distinctive biological activities that do not overlap with those of other cytokines.

Can act in an endocrines, pracrine, or autocrine fashion The chief function of the immune system is to distinguish between self and nonself B. During clonal selection, antigen selectively stimulates cells which express specific receptors for it to divide and differentiate.

Generation of antigen-binding diversity occurs only after antigen exposure through DNA rearrangement D. Self reactive B and T cell clones may be eliminated via apoptosis E. A memory response to an antigen is stronger that a primary response to the same antigen Which of the following characteristics contribute to the immunogenicity of a substance?

High molecular weight Chemical complexity Foreignness Degradability All of the above 7 The most common diagnostic assay for presence of maternal anti-RH antibodies is: A. Ouchterlony double diffusion C.

IMMUNOLOGY FINAL EXAM 1. A Major difference between using

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Made sure they were not noticeable. It was a beautiful day, watching everything but saving his best looks for Eric, saying nothing to nobody! And when she had done this, he seemed to relent, and if he had made a fool of himself, from the county CID. He and Inspector Martin were poring over freshly developed batches of photographic prints. Except for Vom who was busy regurgitating a bus.

You can compare your answers to those provided. This practice exam should assist in identifying areas that may need more of a review prior to the final exam in this course. If you have any questions concerning the practice exam, please contact your instructor. Immunology Practice Exam. Mark the answer sheet only in pencil. The final examination is a 3 hour examination that covers the entire course material.

Immunology Last Year Final Exam 2011

In FA, the information is too choppy for me to comprehend well. You might not require more mature to spend to go to the book creation as competently as search for them. Completely updated throughout, the Ninth Edition offers a concise, high-yield review of the basic and clinical aspects of bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology, and immunology, with an emphasis on the clinical application of microbiology and immunology to infectious diseases. With these textbook recommendation concerns, I suggest going to your university library, and looking at what they have on the shelf or in the library catalogue.

Answer: Carcinoembryonic antigen. In the FACS machine, which cell marker will be the least in number? Answer: CD3. ALL these seem to be true!

Immunology Practice Exam - University of Windsor

Kuby Immunology Eighth Edition Test Bank test bank for world history ways of the world robert strayer kuby immunology 7th edition by judy owen jenni punt sharon stranford en espanol level 2 workbook answers. Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. This is why we allow the book compilations in this website.

Сотрудник отдела обеспечения системной безопасности Фил Чатрукьян, приникнув лицом к стеклу, отчаянно барабанил по нему, стараясь разглядеть, есть ли кто-нибудь внутри. Он что-то говорил, но сквозь звуконепроницаемую перегородку слов не было слышно. У него был такой вид, словно он только что увидел привидение. - Какого черта здесь нужно Чатрукьяну? - недовольно поинтересовался Стратмор.  - Сегодня не его дежурство.

Фонтейн был гигантом из гигантов, но Стратмора это как будто не касалось. Он отстаивал перед директором свои идеи со спокойствием невозмутимого боксера-профессионала. Даже президент Соединенных Штатов не решался бросать вызов Фонтейну, что не раз позволял себе Стратмор. Для этого нужен был политический иммунитет - или, как в случае Стратмора, политическая индифферентность.

 - Вы проверили сигналы ошибки. Быть может, в ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ какой-нибудь сбой и… - Все в полном порядке. - Но это значит, что пароль неимоверной длины.

Под главной клавиатурой была еще одна, меньшего размера, с крошечными кнопками. На каждой - буква алфавита. Сьюзан повернулась к.  - Так скажите же мне .

Стратмор продолжал: - Внезапно я увидел в Цифровой крепости шанс, который выпадает раз в жизни. Ведь если внести в код ряд изменений, Цифровая крепость будет работать на нас, а не против. Ничего более абсурдного Сьюзан слышать еще не доводилось. Цифровая крепость - не поддающийся взлому код, он погубит агентство. - Если бы я сумел слегка модифицировать этот код, - продолжал Стратмор, - до его выхода в свет… - Он посмотрел на нее с хитрой улыбкой.

Когда он найдет копию ключа, имевшуюся у Танкадо, оба экземпляра будут уничтожены, а маленькая бомба с часовым механизмом, заложенная Танкадо, - обезврежена и превратится во взрывное устройство без детонатора. Сьюзан еще раз прочитала адрес на клочке бумаги и ввела информацию в соответствующее поле, посмеялась про себя, вспомнив о трудностях, с которыми столкнулся Стратмор, пытаясь самолично запустить Следопыта. Скорее всего он проделал это дважды и каждый раз получал адрес Танкадо, а не Северной Дакоты. Элементарная ошибка, подумала Сьюзан, Стратмор, по-видимому, поменял местами поля информации, и Следопыт искал учетные данные совсем не того пользователя.

Войду, возьму его и тотчас выйду. Давай ключ. - Мидж… Она прекратила печатать и повернулась к .

Она подошла к огромному круглому порталу и начала отчаянно нажимать кнопки. Дверь не сдвинулась с места. Она пробовала снова и снова, но массивная плита никак не реагировала. Сьюзан тихо вскрикнула: по-видимому, отключение электричества стерло электронный код. Она опять оказалась в ловушке.

Упав, он устроил замыкание основного электропитания шифровалки. Но еще более страшной ей показалась другая фигура, прятавшаяся в тени, где-то в середине длинной лестницы. Ошибиться было невозможно.

 Н-но… - Сьюзан запнулась, но тут же продолжила: - Я была уверена, что он блефует. Он действительно это сделал. - Да. Создатель последнего шифра, который никто никогда не взломает. Сьюзан долго молчала.

HSD 2018 Immunology Papers 3 and 4

 Вторжение по всем секторам. Сьюзан двигалась как во сне. Подойдя к компьютеру Джаббы, она подняла глаза и увидела своего любимого человека.

Чатрукьян заколебался. - Коммандер, мне действительно кажется, что нужно проверить… - Фил, - сказал Стратмор чуть более строго, - ТРАНСТЕКСТ в полном порядке. Если твоя проверка выявила нечто необычное, то лишь потому, что это сделали мы. А теперь, если не возражаешь… - Стратмор не договорил, но Чатрукьян понял его без слов. Ему предложили исчезнуть.

 - Если не скажешь, тебе меня больше не видать. - Врешь. Она ударила его подушкой. - Рассказывай.

Сьюзан отказывалась его понимать. - Это долгая история. Она повернулась к монитору и показала на работающего Следопыта.


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