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Five Year Plans In India Goals And Achievements Pdf

five year plans in india goals and achievements pdf

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Let us make an in-depth study of the major achievements and failures of economic planning in India.

Know About Planning Commission and its Five Year Plans – Download PDF Now!

Five Year Plans in India: Preparing for our future through planning is a crucial landmark whether at a personal level or national level. The social life of a person always depends on various planning schemes. Social and economic planning gives a way to policymakers to improve prevailing conditions in a society. This process is incomplete if there are no positive outcomes.

After independence, India faced many social, political and economic disrupts. The level of productivity was extremely low with high vulnerability. Features like the Zamindari System , low self-consumption from agriculture gains led to the slow down of the economy. On the other side, our industries were also facing vulnerability and discrimination.

The demographic profile of population was so unbalanced. There were situations like low birth rate, high death rate low rate of literacy, high infant mortality rate and so on. Other factors like social and economic infrastructure deficiency, corruption in politics, unemployment, and poverty were powerful. Problems of macro-level are never solved with automatic demand and supply forces.

The intervention of government with various policies, programs, and schemes is obviously crucial for society. After independence, there was a need for proper economic planning to promote growth and development. Economic Planning was a step taken by the Indian Government to plan the utilization of resources to achieve a well-defined target in a specific period. While talking about the goals of economic planning, we can divide these goals on a time period basis.

Certain goals to be accomplished in the Long time period are GDP Growth, the maximum level of employment, equal distribution of resources, promotion of equitable distribution to uplift poor section, make people self-sufficient and of course modernization. While in short period gains we can include things like price stability, education promotion, better health care and so on.

In we started the Five Year Planning system. The priority was set for agricultural development. It took reference from the Harrod — Domar model. After partition and World War II the situation of food production declined drastically. This plan stands to gain high agricultural produce, proper utilization of raw materials and provide irrigation and other necessary amenities.

The target is to decrease the income gap between different sections of society and to make our country self-sufficient. Target was also set for controlling inflation. The plan achieved every possible thing beyond targets. Agriculture, industries, education, railways, etc.

The great contribution to this was given by P. Mahalanobis model. The main focus was industrial development. Heavy industries were also taken into account with various small and medium-sized industries. People got employment opportunities and ways to income generation. The main significance was that it promoted labor-intensive factories.

The major contribution from this phase was for long term developments. The plan is called Gadgil Yojana. Independence of the economy was a major basis because it will help in self-sufficiency for many sectors. Although, the decided target of 5. Sectors like industries, communication, and social services were improved with targets. There was a fall in agriculture production and clashes between the centre and state governments.

The prices of agricultural products and consumer articles were at a peak. Now instead of 5-year plans, a three year period was meant to implement 3 annual plans.

It is also called plan holidays. This period was generally come due to the ongoing Indo Pakistan War. The major reason was the failed third five-year plan. Country was fighting with several social issues like poverty, increased unemployment, population explosion, economic recession, etc. The Indira government was formed and implemented this plan in The advancement of agriculture began with the Green Revolution and 14 Indian banks were nationalized.

Family Planning Programmes were implemented. However, due to prevailing situations plan remained incomplete and achieved only 3. The big failure of this time is considered price instability. In a chronological manner, priority was given to agriculture, industries, and mines. Minimum Needs Programme MNP was started to uplift standards of living and to fulfill minimum basic needs of the masses. This plan was suggested by D. The expansion of roads and tourism activities worked took place simultaneously.

Garibi Hatao got promoted with poverty alleviation schemes and India stepped toward Self-reliance and economical growth. The emergency was imposed and emphasis was given to PM 20 Point Programme. A growth of 4. In contrast to Nehru Model, Janta Government put forward a plan of more employment emphasis. It criticized many prevailed plans and took inequalities and poverty as real social issues.

However, its tenure ended after 2 years and the new government came up with a new five-year plan. The major focus was an increase in national income, adoption of modern technology, a decrease in poverty-ridden areas, control population expansion and many more.

Infrastructural changes also happened and helped in approaching growth strategies. Like other plans, previous targets like food, employment and so on were there but now work and productivity also got higher concentration by the government.

For the first time, the private sector was suppressing the public sector. Although for the middle and lower class it was not any kind of benefit. This could result in exploitation in the future. The reasons for the launch of this plan were fiscal and budgetary impediments.

The phase faced recessionary dilemmas with budget deficits. Many economic reforms assisted the Indian economy and reforms like liberalization and changing modes of production for agriculture were implemented.

Higher growth was achieved with more private investment. The role of the public sector had declined due to Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization reforms. Priority was given to Human Resource Development in sectors like education, health care facilities, etc. Social Justice and Equality were featuring development aims in this plan. Foreign Direct Investment flourished with more trade with the rest of the world. At this moment 50 years of independence were completed.

The social sector was especially taken care of with provisions like basic social and economic reforms including education, community development programs, and health. It was an important landmark because it took social deformities into account apart from economic growth. Demographic Profile factors were modified without discrimination. Clean drinking water, low gender gaps, equal wage pay, low death rates, controlled infant mortality rate were certain determinants.

The sociological perspective was largely elevated with population policy and family planning State roles were increased and the policy of decentralized planning was promoted. Inclusiveness in every growth is a key to decide that its result reaches ground levels. The main motto of the 11 th five-year plan was more inclusive economic growth. Rangarajan was its framer.

But minorities and tribal communities were not a sufficiently inclusive framework. Malnutrition, poverty, and vulnerability were increasing. There were so many fluctuations in economic gains and poverty remained high. Formulas like Tendulkar Formula were criticized due to no effect in poverty reduction. During the commencement of 12 th Five Year Plan, the global economy was facing another slowdown.

Even our economy slowed down as a result. Therefore, the emphasis was to encourage economic growth rate with faster, sustainable and inclusive growth. Social problems were rightly addressed like malnutrition, environment degradation, education, health, communication, etc.

With this phase, prevailing gender gaps, inequalities, regional imbalances, and community gaps were getting attention. The policy held the accountability to remove every lacuna from making India as an emerging world power. It had many long and short term aims. Our nation achieved a lot from these plans and this took a very long time to cover real issues. The actual increase in national income is seen to date. Per capita income also went up. GDP growth was a result of capital formation that triggered while planning periods.

Employment was increased and many income generation programs became successful.

Five-Year Plans: With Objectives and Achievements

Hence, the 12th five-year plan is considered as the last five-year plan of India. The decades-old Five-Year Plans was replaced by a three-year action plan , which will be part of a seven-year strategy paper and a year vision document. The Niti Aayog has replaced the Planning Commission in the Modi Cabinet and launched three-year action plans from April 1, , onwards. It was launched for the duration of to , under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru. This plan was successful and achieved a growth rate of 3.

From to , the Indian economy was premised on the concept of planning. With the prime minister as the ex-officio chairman, the commission has a nominated deputy chairman, who holds the rank of a cabinet minister. Montek Singh Ahluwalia is the last deputy chairman of the commission resigned on 26 May The Twelfth Plan completed its term in March Revised versions of the formula have been used since then to determine the allocation of central assistance for state plans.


There were two main objectives of this plan i.e. growth with stability and progressive achievement of self-reliance. III. During this time, 14 major.


Five Year Plans of India (Summary): Objectives, Achievements, Failures

Five Year Plans in India: Preparing for our future through planning is a crucial landmark whether at a personal level or national level. The social life of a person always depends on various planning schemes. Social and economic planning gives a way to policymakers to improve prevailing conditions in a society.

There were many things about the Planning Commission that are still asked in various Government exams. Keep reading to know all about the Planning Commission of India. Download as PDF. Established on 15 March , the Planning Commission of India was a government body that made plans for the economic and social development of the country.

Prior to first five year plan, Indian economy was backward. Population was increasing more as compared to economic growth. The situation of trade and industries was far from satisfaction. The rate of capital formation was at low level.

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Economic Planning in India: Achievements and Failures

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Five Year Plans in India – Download study Materials Here!!!

5 Comments

  1. Lope F.

    20.04.2021 at 11:03
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  2. Laetitia R.

    22.04.2021 at 15:21
    Reply

    Objectives of rehabilitation of refugees, food self sufficiency & control of prices were more or less achieved. Second Plan. ( - 61). Target Growth: % Actual.

  3. Tyson A.

    24.04.2021 at 11:39
    Reply

    Planning commission is responsible for the formulation of five year plans. • Objective: growth, employment, self-reliance and social justice. • Continual watch on.

  4. VisitaciГіn O.

    25.04.2021 at 20:38
    Reply

    Planning Commission was set up on March 15,

  5. Phytemisthe1973

    25.04.2021 at 22:05
    Reply

    come to know the goals of India's five year plans. • know about the should have some general goals as well as specific objectives which are to be achieved.

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