File Name: veterinary drugs and their uses .zip
Veterinary drugs are widely used in animal production and possibly reach soil and water through the excreta. There is only limited information concerning the environmental persistence of these substances. It was therefore the objective of the present study to investigate the excretion patterns of tetracycline hydrochloride in pigs after oral application and to study the stability of tetracycline in pig slurry under different storage conditions.
Methods 6 individually kept pigs were orally treated with two doses of tetracycline for 5 days and pooled excreta were regularly sampled. Tetracycline and its epimer 4-epi-tetracycline were detected using HPLC. Individual animals continued to excrete tetracyclines over a longer period of time. Tetracycline hydrochloride demonstrated a distinct stability in slurry which was not significantly influenced by the initial concentration of the antibiotic, ambient temperature or aeration through repeated stirring.
Half-lives ranged between 55 and days. Conclusion Significant amounts of tetracycline are transferred to soil via manure application. There is considerable need for further research into environmental effects such as sorption and mobility, and microbiological changes. This is also the case for other substances which have not undergone valid environmental risk assessment.
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Herd RP, Sams RA, Ahscraft SM : Persistence of ivermectin in plasma and faeces following treatment of cows with ivermectin sustained-release, pour-on or injectable formulations.
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Aquaculture : — Interactions with humic substances. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 32 , — StrongL : Overview: the impact of avermectins on pastureland ecology. Vet Parasitol 48 : 3— Download references. Correspondence to Christoph Winckler or Alexander Grafe. Reprints and Permissions. Winckler, C. Use of veterinary drugs in intensive animal production. J Soils Sediments 1, 66 Download citation. Received : 24 March Accepted : 16 June Search SpringerLink Search.
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Veterinary Drug Index. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rajesh Singh August 21, 0. Veterinary Drug Index Please follow and like us:.
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Although many drugs may be used legally in both human and animal patients, certain drugs have unique human toxicities and are approved for use only in non-human species. In some cases, these drugs were approved initially for use in humans but withdrawn after serious adverse effects emerged. In other cases, these drugs were identified as toxic to humans early in development and never approved for human use. Given that pharmacists are the only health care professionals expected by society to provide pharmaceutical care for all species, it is highly likely that pharmacists will encounter prescriptions for veterinary-only medications. Accordingly, it is critically important that pharmacists possess a working knowledge of the names, mechanisms of action, indications, dosing, adverse effects, safety profiles, and counseling points for drugs that may belong to similar therapeutic classes as those used in humans but may cause serious adverse effects if dispensed to a human accidentally.
This article lists veterinary pharmaceutical drugs alphabetically by name. Many veterinary drugs have more than one name and, therefore, the same drug may be listed more than once. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources. Categories : Drug-related lists Veterinary drugs Veterinary medicine.
PDF | The survey conducted on the use of veterinary drugs and drug on their day to day practices to ensure the rational use of veterinary.
Veterinary drugs are widely used in animal production and possibly reach soil and water through the excreta. There is only limited information concerning the environmental persistence of these substances. It was therefore the objective of the present study to investigate the excretion patterns of tetracycline hydrochloride in pigs after oral application and to study the stability of tetracycline in pig slurry under different storage conditions. Methods 6 individually kept pigs were orally treated with two doses of tetracycline for 5 days and pooled excreta were regularly sampled. Tetracycline and its epimer 4-epi-tetracycline were detected using HPLC. Individual animals continued to excrete tetracyclines over a longer period of time.
As Kenya and East Africa in general has a very low population of trained veterinarians, farmers need to learn to deal with emergencies that happen when the vet is not around. Most environments in Africa have a high disease challenge, and the serious farmer need to learn how to deal with this in order to have healthy, happy and productive animals. Preventive use of drugs is forbidden and antibiotics can be used a limited times, with a double withdrawal time. Animal health care is still not sufficiently developed that we can keep livestock healthy without veterinary drugs. In Europe and the USA great progress has been made towards the use of homeopathic veterinary medicine which in many instances has shown its applicability to certain health problems. In Africa ethnoveterinary solutions are also commonly used and to some extent may be effective where an experienced herbalist has been consulted.
Senor Becker? - прозвучал жуткий голос. Беккер как завороженный смотрел на человека, входящего в туалетную комнату. Он показался ему смутно знакомым.
А перед глазами у нее стоял образ Фила Чатрукьяна, его искалеченного и обгоревшего тела, распростертого на генераторах, а из головы не выходила мысль о Хейле, притаившемся в лабиринтах шифровалки. Правда открылась со всей очевидностью: Хейл столкнул Чатрукьяна. Нетвердой походкой Сьюзан подошла к главному выходу- двери, через которую она вошла сюда несколько часов .
- Я должен выполнять свои обязанности. Он поднял телефонную трубку и набрал номер круглосуточно включенного мобильника Джаббы.
Сьюзан представила себе газетный заголовок: КРИПТОГРАФ ГРЕГ ХЕЙЛ РАСКРЫВАЕТ СЕКРЕТНЫЙ ПЛАН ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВА ВЗЯТЬ ПОД КОНТРОЛЬ ГЛОБАЛЬНУЮ ИНФОРМАЦИЮ. Что же, это очередной Попрыгунчик. Вторично разоблачив попытку АНБ пристроить к алгоритму черный ход, Грег Хейл превратится в мировую знаменитость. И одновременно пустит АНБ ко дну.
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